Alternatively, this may denote a move that is truly bad, but sets up an attractive trap. There are some systems which use these symbols in different ways. Example: “Watch out!” The character is encoded in Unicode as Template:Unichar. The best move should be mentioned in the analysis in any case; an exclamation mark can only serve to indicate the personal excitement of the commentator."[4]. denotes a very good move while a single question mark (?) For example, take a look at this position between two strong players. ), which shows what the annotator believes to be a good move, with the double-exclam (!!) If a master were to make the same move, some annotators might use the double question mark to indicate that one would never expect a player of the master's strength to make such a weak move. Slight advantage: Black has slightly better chances. "An exclamation mark is like laughing at your own jokes." Typical moves receiving exclamation points are strong opening novelties, well-timed breakthroughs, sound sacrifices, and moves that avoid falling into traps. The "!?" While question marks indicate bad moves, exclamation points ("!") ", "? ?, see algebraic chess notation). In the following diagram I made the first move pawn to e4. The symbol may also be interpreted as "best move". ", "!? +/− (−/+… exclamation mark synonyms, exclamation mark pronunciation, ... (in chess commentaries) beside the notation of a move considered a good one, (in mathematics) as a symbol of the factorial function, or (in logic) occurring with an existential quantifier. These often lead to loss of tempo or material. ?, see algebraic chess notation ). It isn't actually. Question marks and exclamation points that denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature. There are no exclamation marks, as they serve no useful purpose. Question marks and exclamation points that denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature. These may include sound sacrifices of large amounts of material and counter-intuitive moves that are in fact very strong. The Nunn convention cannot be used to annotate full games because the exact evaluation of a position is generally impractical to compute. Define exclamation mark. indicate good moves - especially ones which are surprising or involve particular skill. For instance, if a beginner makes a serious strategic error (for instance, accepting gratuitous pawn weaknesses or exchanging into a lost endgame) or overlooks a tactical sequence, this might be explained by the beginner's lack of skill, and be given only one question mark. When the solution to a certain chess problem is given, there are also some conventions that have become a common practice: These symbols indicate the strategic balance of the game position: Even position: White and Black have more or less equal chances. Elmore Leonard wrote of exclamation marks: "You are allowed no … These often lead to loss of tempo or material. It is also often used when a player sets a cunning trap in a lost position. The general consensus among chess writers is that these symbols are unnecessary. In these cases, the corresponding symbol is juxtaposed in the text immediately after the move (e.g. A "?? Chess annotation symbols. (below) but usually indicates that the annotator believes the move to be objectively bad, albeit hard to refute. The common symbols for evaluating the merits of a move are "?? ", "?! The "?!" Likewise, an exceptionally bad blunder may be awarded three or more question marks ("???"). ", "! Occasionally an annotation symbol may be put in parentheses, e.g. Such moves are usually hard to find. There are other symbols used by various chess engines and publications, such as Chess Informant and Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, when annotating moves or describing positions. They occur at all levels of play to all human competitors, but only the most basic computer programs commit such obvious mistakes. - a move which negatively affects the evaluation of the position: if the position had been drawn before the move, it is now lost; if won before the move, it is now drawn or lost, !? to indicate a move which is objectively sound, but was in his opinion a poor psychological choice, while Robert Hübner (see below) used it to indicate a move which is inaccurate and makes the player's task more difficult. Typical moves which receive double question marks are those that overlook that the queen is under attack or overlook a checkmate. The nature of the mistake may be more strategic than tactical; in some cases, the move receiving a question mark may be one for which it is difficult to find a refutation. = - Even position: White and Black have more or less equal chances. or Kh1! The best move should be mentioned in the analysis in any case; an exclamation mark can only serve to indicate the personal excitement of the commentator.". Moreover, an annotator's use of symbols is often influenced by the player's strength: a positional misjudgment that an annotator might give a "??" [5] Many of the symbols now have Unicode encodings, but quite a few still require a special chess font with appropriated characters. 4. Move symbols in increasing effectiveness of the move: The double question mark "??" Some publications intended for an international audience, such as the Chess Informant, have a wide range of additional symbols that transcend language barriers. Nor is chess notation, which teems with exclamation marks, especially funny. Annotators' use of punctuation also may possibly be influenced by the result of the game (regardless of the actual quality of the move); one possible example came in the 11th game of the 1972 World Championship, when Spassky played an unexpected move, 14.Nb1, retreating the knight to its initial square. ", "?!? There are no exclamation marks, as they serve no useful purpose. to indicate that the move is not all bad. The common symbols for evaluating the merits of a move are "?? ", "! the symbol of the lazy annotator who finds a move interesting but cannot be bothered to work out whether it is good or bad.[2]. ", and "!!". ! A sacrifice leading to a dangerous attack which the opponent should be able to defend against if he plays well may receive a "?!". The term "exclam" is used in chess notation to denote the exclamation mark (! The non noun. Whether a single or double question mark is used often depends on the player's strength. Chess notation is a convenient way to keep track of games, so that you can replay them to study tactics, understand mistakes, or impress your friends. Likewise, an exceptionally bad blunder may be awarded three or more question marks ("???"). 4.Nxd4! Nf6! Here are other special chess notation and their meaning in a chess game: “ … ” if you see this three periods in chess notation or a chess book, that denotes it is Black’s move. Some publications intended for an international audience, such as the Chess Informant have a wide range of additional symbols that transcend language barriers. “!” if you see this exclamation point on a chess notation or a chess book, that means the move is good. This symbol is similar to the "!?" If no piece is named, it’s assumed to a pawn move, and Knight is “N” not “K”, which is King. It is also written as ±; the other similar symbols can be written in this style as well. move, ? The best move should be mentioned in the analysis in any case; an exclamation mark can only serve to indicate the personal excitement of the commentator." or Kh1! (below) but usually indicates that the annotator believes the move to be objectively bad, albeit hard to refute. The exclamation mark often marks the end of a sentence, for example: "Watch out!" Some publications intended for an international audience, such as the Chess Informant, have a wide range of additional symbols that transcend language barriers. Hikaru Nakamura made up for losing to Wesley So in the semi-finals of the Skilling Open by defeating his US rival 13.5:12.5 to reach a Speed Chess final against either Magnus Carlsen or Maxime Vachier-Lagrave. A double exclamation mark (!!) Question marks and exclamation points that denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature. If a move is a very good move, then you can indicate it by adding an exclamation mark next to the move. 3.d4! A move that overlooks a forthcoming brilliant combination from the opponent would rarely receive more than one question mark, for example. A few writers have used unusual combinations of question marks and exclamation points (e.g. Question marks and exclamation points that denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature. ", "?! is one of the more controversial symbols. d6! When the solution to a certain chess problem is given, there are also some conventions that have become a common practice: These symbols indicate the strategic balance of the game position: There are other symbols used by various chess engines and publications, such as Chess Informant and Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings. Such moves are usually hard to find. Reasons for awarding the symbol vary widely between annotators; among them are strong opening novelties, well-timed breakthroughs, sound sacrifices, moves that set traps in lost positions, moves that avoid such traps, and good psychological choices in the opening. A few writers have used three or more exclamation points ("!!!") A few writers have used three or more exclamation points ("!!!") [1] Some publications intended for an international audience, such as the Chess Informant, have a wide range of additional symbols that transcend language barriers. - a move which makes the opponent's task harder or one's own task easier; for example, in a theoretically lost position, a move which forces the opponent to find several "!" It is also often used when a player sets a cunning trap in a lost position. ", "?!? 2. When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols. Punctuation (chess) When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use question marks and exclamation points to denote a move as bad or good. The "!?" Nor is chess notation, which teems with exclamation marks, especially funny. For example, in Rotlewi-Rubinstein 1907, Hans Kmoch awarded Rubinstein's 22...Rxc3 three exclamation points. Whether a single or double question mark is used is subjective and may depend on the player's strength. ", "?!? Among the definitions are "interesting, but perhaps not the best move", "move deserving attention", "enterprising move" and "risky move". For example, in what is known as the Game of the Century, 13-year-old Bobby Fischer's decision to sacrifice his queen for a strategic attack was awarded by annotators a double exclamation point. ?, see algebraic chess notation). The double exclamation point ("‼") is used to praise a move which the annotator thinks really shows the player's skill. The Nunn convention cannot be used to annotate full games because the exact evaluation of a position is generally impractical to compute. The exclamation mark, !, also sometimes referred to as the exclamation point, especially in American English (another term is ecphoneme, now obsolete) is a punctuation mark usually used after an interjection or exclamation to indicate strong feelings or high volume (shouting), or to show emphasis. Black has a ruined pawn structure but dangerous active piece-play. indicates a blunder, a very bad mistake. In 1959, Euwe and Hooper made the same use of the question mark, "... a decisive error...". ", This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 02:06. "!!? for an exceptionally brilliant move. Chess Notation describes each move with the name of the pieces and the square to which it is moved. "!!? ∞ - Unclear: It is unclear who (if anyone) has an advantage. The nature of the mistake may be more strategic than tactical; in some cases, the move receiving a question mark may be one that is difficult to find a refutation for. Hence annotators are usually somewhat conservative with the use of this symbol; for example, they would not annotate a game thus: 1.e4! the symbol of the lazy annotator who finds a move interesting but cannot be bothered to work out whether it is good or bad. Different writers have used these in different ways; for example Simon Webb used "(?)" ", "??!") Knowing chess notation will allow you to study the famous games of years gone by. showing a brilliant move. No matter. Move evaluation symbols, by increasing effectiveness of the move: The double question mark "??" is also often used instead of a "?" Different books have slightly varying definitions. )", "(!)". They occur at all levels of play to all human competitors. Clear advantage: Black has much better chances. Typical moves which receive double question marks are those that overlook a tactic that wins substantial material or overlook a checkmate. Decisive advantage: White has a winning advantage. There are no exclamation marks, as they serve no useful purpose. the punctuation mark ! ∞ - Unclear: It is unclear who (if anyone) has an advantage. Annotators' use of punctuation may also be influenced by the result of the game regardless of the actual quality of the move; this tendency is sometimes referred to as "annotation by result". - a particularly difficult-to-find "!" Edmar Mednis asserted that if Spassky had lost the game, the move would likely have been given two question marks instead. With compensation: Whoever is down in material has compensation for it. Once the players start making good choices when faced with difficult decisions, however, a few moves may receive exclamation points from annotators. ", "??!") ", "? These include: 2008-2016 © Policy :: Contact us max@gambiter.com, used to praise a move which the annotator thinks really shows the player's skill, ! Use of these annotation symbols is subjective, as different annotators use the same symbols differently. ", "?! Spassky won the game, and several annotators gave the move two exclamation points. - a move which makes the opponent's task easier or one's own task harder; for example, in a theoretically won position, a move which requires several subsequent "!" Re7? There are a few more special signs used in chess notation. For instance, if a beginner makes a serious strategic error (for instance, accepting gratuitous pawn weaknesses or exchanging into a lost endgame) or overlooks a tactical sequence, this might be explained by the beginner's lack of skill and be given only one question mark. Occasionally, the sign is used for a move which transforms a won position into a draw, perhaps because the annotator feels that the mistake is unworthy of the player's skill level. In his 1992 book Secrets of Rook Endings and other books in the series (Secrets of Minor-Piece Endings and Secrets of Pawnless Endings), John Nunn uses these symbols in a more specific way in the context of endgames where the optimal line of play can be determined with certainty: This convention has been used in some later works, such as Fundamental Chess Endings and Secrets of Pawn Endings by Karsten Müller and Frank Lamprecht, but it can be safely assumed the convention is not being used unless there is a specific note otherwise. Can also denote a position that is unclear, but appears to the annotator to be approximately equal. The corresponding symbol is juxtaposed in the text immediately after the move (e.g. Decisive advantage: Black has a winning advantage. Chess annotation symbols When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols. Castling kingside is written as “0-0”. = - Even position: White and Black have more or less equal chances. may also indicate that the annotator believes the move is deserving of criticism but not bad enough to warrant a "?". used after exclamations and vehement commands. Find link is a tool written by Edward Betts.. searching for Chess notation 32 found (193 total) alternate case: chess notation Alphanumeric grid (179 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article bottom, then follow the two lines until they meet in a spot. would show that I believed the Modern Defense deserving of praise. Notation indicating how good a move is: ‼ (brilliant), ! Andrew Soltis jokingly called "!?" The symbols normally used are "?? Brands (parent of fast food chains like indicate good moves—especially ones which are surprising or involve particular skill. When annotating chess games using either system, a question mark appended to a move labels the move as bad, and an exclamation point labels the move as especially good. for particularly unusual or controversial moves, but these have no generally accepted meaning, and are typically used for humorous or entertainment purposes. =/∞ - With compensation: Whoever is down in material has compensation for the material. Exclamation mark From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from !) A few writers have used unusual combinations of question marks and exclamation points (e.g. Each piece has its own letter abbreviation, except the pawn. Moreover, an annotator's use of symbols is often influenced by the player's strength: a positional misjudgment that an annotator might give a "??" If a master were to make the same move, some annotators might use the double question mark to indicate that one would never expect a player of the master's strength to make such a weak move. +/− (−/+) - Advantage: White (Black) has much better chances. +/= (=/+) - Slight advantage: White (Black) has slightly better chances. "-worthy move usually results in an immediately lost position. cxd4! [1] Some publications intended for an international audience, such as the Chess Informant, have a wide range of additional symbols that transcend language barriers. "(? A question mark followed by an exclamation mark (? ", When dual avoidance is a part of the thematic content of a problem, avoided duals (if listed) are marked with "?". Andrew Soltis jokingly called "!?" Chess punctuation: lt;p|>When annotating |chess| games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation sym... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. (good), ⁉ (interesting), ⁈ (dubious), ? 3. Question marks and exclamation points that denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature. (For example, 1. e4 g6! These may include sound sacrifices of large amounts of material and moves that at first glance seem very counter-intuitive. Typical moves receiving a "!?" The double exclamation point ("‼") is used to praise a move which the annotator thinks really shows the player's skill. In this position, if … are those involving speculative sacrifices or dangerous attacks which might turn out to be strategically deficient. Often used when a position is highly asymmetrical, e.g. When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols. In what is known as the Game of the Century, 13-year-old Bobby Fischer's decision to sacrifice his queen is usually awarded a double exclamation point. (An alternative form, not yet in Unicode, is the equals sign above infinity.). =/∞ - With compensation: Whoever is down in material has compensation for the material. +/= (=/+) - Slight advantage: White (Black) has slightly better chances. ", and "!!". is used for very strong moves such as sound sacrifices of large amounts of material and counter-intuitive moves that prove very powerful. Unclear position: It is unclear who (if anyone) has an advantage. ¡Casi la matas!, 'Are you crazy?You almost killed her!' When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols. Re7? Although these may be good moves, the players have demonstrated little skill by simply following well-known opening theory in a main line Sicilian Defence. ", "? A move that overlooks a forthcoming brilliant combination from the opponent would rarely receive more than one question mark, for example. It is also written as ∓; the other similar symbols can be written in this style as well. Question marks and exclamation points that denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature. This is often used when a position is highly asymmetrical, such as Black having a ruined pawn structure but dangerous active piece-play. While question marks indicate bad moves, exclamation points ("!") In his 1992 book Secrets of Rook Endings and other books in the series (Secrets of Minor-Piece Endings and Secrets of Pawnless Endings), John Nunn uses these symbols in a more specific way in the context of endgames where the optimal line of play can be determined with certainty: This convention has been used in some later works, such as Fundamental Chess Endings and Secrets of Pawn Endings by Karsten Müller and Frank Lamprecht, but it can be safely assumed the convention is not being used unless there is a specific note otherwise. White to move Fy Antenaina Rakotomaharo (2400) vs Alina L’Ami (2300) Rakotomaharo found the move f5! A sacrifice leading to a dangerous attack which the opponent should be able to defend against if they play well may receive a "?!". )", "(!)". Use of these annotation symbols is subjective, as different annotators use the same symbols differently. for particularly unusual or controversial moves, but these have no generally accepted meaning, and are typically used for humorous or entertainment purposes. "!!? Annotators are usually somewhat conservative with the use of this symbol. Template:Redirect Template:Confusing Template:Punctuation marks The exclamation mark, exclamation point, bang, or dembanger is a punctuation mark usually used after an interjection or exclamation to indicate strong feelings or high volume (shouting), and often marks the end of a sentence. - the only move which maintains the current evaluation of the position: if the position is theoretically, !! ", "!? A single exclamation mark (!) A single question mark "?" for an exceptionally brilliant move. Although not part of dictionary words, exclamation marks appear in some brand names and trade names, including Yum! For example in Rotlewi-Rubinstein 1907, Hans Kmoch awarded Rubinstein's 22...Rxc3 three exclamation points. is a rarely used symbol denoting truly brilliant chess moves (ala. Bobby Fischer) while a double question mark (??) Usually it indicates that the move leads to exciting or wild play and that the move is probably good. A single question mark "?" Castling is indicated by the special notation O-O for king-side castling and O-O-O for queen-side castling. When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols. Also written. Question marks and exclamation points that denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature. There are some systems which use these symbols in different ways. Different books have slightly varying definitions. c5! Usually it indicates that the move leads to exciting or wild play but that the objective evaluation of the move is unclear. 5. Castling queenside is notated with “0-0-0”. "(? The double exclamation point ("!!") moves in order to win (Nunn 1999), Refutation to a try move is marked with "! When the opponent’s king is threatened by check, a “+” sign is added to the end of the notation. This is often used when a position is highly asymmetrical, such as Black having a ruined pawn structure but dangerous active piece-play. indicates a gross blunder. indicates a blunder. A "?? Typical moves receiving a "!?" An exclamation point in chess notation refers to a strong move. ", "!? this mark used for any other purpose, as to draw attention to an obvious mistake, in road warning signs, (in chess commentaries) beside the notation of a move considered a good one, (in mathematics) as a symbol of the factorial function, or (in logic) occurring with an existential quantifier. Among the definitions are "interesting, but perhaps not the best move", "move deserving attention", "enterprising move" and "risky move". 2.Nf3! for particularly unusual or controversial moves, but these have no generally accepted meaning, and are typically used for humorous or entertainment purposes. indicates a blunder, a bad mistake. Significado exclamation mark, dicionário de definições em inglês, consulte também 'exclamational',excavation',exclamatory', sinônimos ", "! [3] Chess composition Alternatively, this may denote a move that is objectively bad, but sets up an attractive trap. +− (−+) - Decisive advantage: White (Black) has a winning advantage. When one German starts a letter to another with "Lieber Franz!" to indicate a move which is objectively sound, but was in his opinion a poor psychological choice. "-worthy move often moves a player from a winning position to a draw or loss, a drawn position into a losing one, or an eventual losing position into an immediate loss. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols. Look it up now! ", and "!!". Different writers have used these in different ways; for example Simon Webb used "(?)" or Kh1! is one of the more controversial symbols. In these cases, the corresponding symbol is juxtaposed in the text immediately after the move (e.g. ↑ - Initiative: Indicates an advantage in, ↑↑ - Development: Indicates a lead in development. Exclamation mark definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. In 1959, Euwe and Hooper made the same use of the question mark, "... a decisive error...". When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols. are those involving speculative sacrifices or dangerous attacks which might turn out to be strategically deficient. after a move indicates that the annotator thinks that the move is a poor one that should not be played. Significado exclamation, dicionário de definições em inglês, consulte também 'exclamation mark',exclamational',exclamation mark',excavation', sinônimos It is also written as ± for White advantage, ∓ for Black advantage; the other similar symbols can be written in this style as well. No matter. In Spanish, a sentence or clause ending in an exclamation mark must also begin with an inverted exclamation mark (the same also applies to the question mark): ¿Estás loco? This symbol is similar to the "!?" if played by a strong grandmaster might pass unremarked if played by a beginner. The "?!" A few writers have used unusual combinations of question marks and exclamation points (e.g. they are merely obeying cultural norms, not laughing at their own jokes. These symbols indicate the strategic balance of the game position: 1. The general consensus among chess writers is that these symbols are unnecessary. Clear advantage: White has much better chances. (mistake), ⁇ (blunder), Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chess_annotation_symbols&oldid=1001294667, Articles needing additional references from April 2014, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Refutation to a try move is marked with "! The general consensus among chess writers is that these symbols are unnecessary. ", "??!") after a move indicates that the annotator thinks that the move is a poor one that should not be played. At times an annotation symbol may be put in parentheses, e.g. Try out chess notation in your next game - you'll find that nothing is more satisfying than that well-placed exclamation mark after the … 5.Nc3! Slight advantage: White has slightly better chances. moves in order to win, ?! if played by a strong grandmaster might pass unremarked if played by a beginner. Re7? ( =/+ ) - advantage: White ( Black ) has slightly chances... Navigation, search when annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols years gone by or. The exclamation mark (?? in increasing effectiveness of the position: if the position highly! The opponent would rarely receive more than one question mark ``?? better.. 2021, at 02:06 receive exclamation points that denote a move indicates that the move indicate by. The exact evaluation of a ``??? ) notation to denote the exclamation mark is used often on. ” the character is encoded in Unicode, is the equals sign above infinity. ) −/+ ) Slight. Occur at all levels of play to all human competitors, but these have no generally accepted meaning and... Games because the exact evaluation of a ``?? the move f5: `` Watch out ”! 3 ] chess composition exclamation mark from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ( Redirected from! annotation... All human competitors +/− ( −/+… the general consensus among chess writers is that these in! Even position: 1 by increasing effectiveness of the question mark (??? equal chances choice... Good ), ; the other similar symbols can be written in this style well... More question marks indicate bad moves, exclamation marks appear in some brand names and trade names, including!! They are merely obeying cultural norms, not yet in Unicode, is the equals sign infinity! Deserving of praise question mark, for example, take a look at this position between two players... Active piece-play is used is subjective and may depend on the player 's strength, exclamation points are opening. Approximately equal after a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature trade,! Notation indicating how chess notation exclamation mark a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess.... Move ( e.g the special notation O-O for king-side castling and O-O-O chess notation exclamation mark... Ami ( 2300 ) Rakotomaharo found the move is not all bad often marks end... Strategically deficient used instead of a sentence, for example Simon Webb used `` (? ) castling indicated! Annotator thinks that the annotator believes the move leads to exciting or wild play but the... ( Black ) chess notation exclamation mark much better chances used these in different ways Alina L ’ Ami ( 2300 ) found. Notation to denote the exclamation mark (? ) that is truly bad, albeit hard to refute thinks the. Queen is under attack or overlook a checkmate on the player 's strength, well-timed breakthroughs, sacrifices! Material has compensation for the material which use these symbols are unnecessary some brand names and trade names including... Whether a single or double question mark, for example in Rotlewi-Rubinstein 1907, Hans awarded... Denote a move that is truly bad, albeit hard to refute be objectively bad, albeit to! Unclear: it is unclear, but these have no generally accepted meaning, and are used... An exclamation mark (? ) not be used to annotate full because! Structure but dangerous active piece-play these may include sound sacrifices of large amounts of and... Are unnecessary material or overlook a checkmate the special notation O-O for king-side castling and O-O-O queen-side! To which it is unclear who ( if anyone ) has slightly better chances ) vs Alina L Ami. This symbol is similar to the ``!! '' tempo or material transcend language barriers the queen is attack! Similar to the annotator to be objectively bad, but only the most basic computer programs such! Few writers have used unusual combinations of question marks instead commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation.! Indicate a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature move is... Human competitors, but only the most basic computer programs commit such obvious mistakes often used a! Not laughing at your own jokes., commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation.... Usually somewhat conservative with the use of these annotation symbols out to be strategically.. Mark, ``... a decisive error... '' notation indicating how good a move indicates the! Down in material has compensation for the material but usually indicates that the is... Dubious ), ⁈ ( dubious ),!!! from! moves are. These symbols indicate the strategic balance of the move leads to exciting or wild play but that the annotator the! Chess literature believes the move is not all bad obvious mistakes Rubinstein 's 22... Rxc3 three points. Players start making good choices when faced with difficult decisions, however, a writers... Sacrifices, and are typically used for very strong moves such as Black a! Winning advantage to exciting or wild play and that the move is a very good move, with name... A double question mark ``? Fy Antenaina Rakotomaharo ( 2400 ) vs Alina L Ami! Is moved the annotator to be a good move, with the double-exclam (!!!?! More special signs used in chess notation and Black have more or less equal chances increasing effectiveness the. As Black having a ruined pawn structure but dangerous active piece-play but that the annotator believes the move f5 for., and are typically used for very strong moves such as sound sacrifices large. If spassky had lost the game, and are typically used for humorous or entertainment purposes use! A double question mark, for example in Rotlewi-Rubinstein 1907, Hans Kmoch awarded Rubinstein 's 22 Rxc3... ( −/+… the general consensus among chess writers is that these symbols are unnecessary means the (! Games because the exact evaluation of a sentence, for example in Rotlewi-Rubinstein,! The special notation O-O for king-side castling and O-O-O for queen-side castling sets an. Fact very strong in Unicode, is the equals sign above infinity. ) has compensation for it purposes. Audience, such as Black having a ruined pawn structure but dangerous active piece-play own jokes. strong.. Three exclamation points from annotators choices when faced with difficult decisions, however, a few writers used... First glance seem very counter-intuitive moves—especially ones which are surprising or involve particular skill equal... Moves ( ala. Bobby Fischer ) while a double question mark followed by exclamation. The equals sign above infinity. ) receive double question marks and exclamation that! Name of the position: White ( Black ) has much better chances starts a letter to another with!! Chess book, that means the move ( e.g often marks the of... German starts a letter to another with ``!! '' symbols is subjective, they. For the material ⁈ ( dubious ), Refutation to a strong move special O-O! To refute which receive double question marks and exclamation points that denote a move is rarely! From! symbol denoting truly brilliant chess moves ( ala. Bobby Fischer ) while a single double. Breakthroughs, sound sacrifices of large amounts of material and counter-intuitive moves that prove very powerful and names... Is often used when a player sets a cunning trap in a lost position square to which it is written! Annotation symbols also written as ± ; the other similar symbols can be in! - especially ones which are surprising or involve particular skill the other similar symbols be! ] chess composition exclamation mark from Wikipedia, the move: the double mark... Mark often marks the end of a ``?? ) writers have used in! Denoting truly brilliant chess moves ( ala. Bobby Fischer ) while a double question mark ( )... Mark followed by an exclamation mark from Wikipedia, the corresponding symbol is juxtaposed in the text immediately after move... The name of the game position: White ( Black ) has an.! Making good choices when faced with difficult decisions, however, a few have... In material has compensation for it that should not be played unremarked if played by a strong grandmaster might unremarked! Full games because the exact evaluation of the position: White and have. Recognized annotation symbols Ami ( 2300 ) Rakotomaharo found the move to be approximately equal as having... Refutation to a try move is unclear who ( if anyone ) has a chess notation exclamation mark pawn structure dangerous! Used often depends on the player 's strength humorous or entertainment purposes not bad to... After a move indicates that the annotator thinks that the move is a poor that! Be awarded three or more question marks ( ``! '' chess moves ( ala. Bobby )! ” if you see this exclamation point ( ``?? `` ) strategic balance the. Notation, which teems with exclamation marks, as they serve no useful...., e.g, with the use of these annotation symbols is subjective, different! Audience, such as sound sacrifices of large amounts of material and moves that first... For it, take a look at this position between two strong players!? - with:..., e.g also denote a move is a very good move while a single or double question mark like! Under attack or overlook a checkmate killed her! games of years gone by they occur at all of... Move: the double question marks and exclamation points from annotators all human competitors indicates! Famous games of years gone by play but that the annotator believes move... Following diagram I made the same use of the game position: the!, search when annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols the game position chess notation exclamation mark (. That if spassky had lost the game, the move to be strategically deficient an immediately position!